The province of Salerno, the largest one of Campania region, is a wealth of history, art, architecture, nature and gastronomy. Let's start mentioning the two UNESCO World Heritage sites: the Amalfi coast, with its dramatic high rocky cliff, its maritime tradition and the noble and proud past, and the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, green area rich in forests and lush vegetation. And what about the historical and architectural masterpieces of this province, such as the archaeological area of Paestum, one of the oldest and best preserved of Magna Graecia, with its three temples dedicated to Hera, Ceres and Neptune; the archaeological area of Helea-Velia, seat of the famous Eleatic school of philosophy, which included Zeno and Parmenides among its members; the imposing Carthusian Monastery of San Lorenzo in Padula, one of the largest in Europe, founded in 1306 with the largest cloister in the world (about 12.000 sq.m); the Benedictine Abbey of the Holy Trinity in Cava de' Tirreni (1011), the Cathedral of San Matteo in Salerno, founded by Robert Guiscard in 1084, the Cathedral of Sant'Andrea in Amalfi, with its monumental staircase, and the Basilica of Sant'Alfonso Maria de' Liguori in Pagani.
The province of Salerno is also known worldwide as the cradle both of the famous Salerno Medical School (XI century) and of the Mediterranean Diet: this latter term, in fact, was coined by Angel Keys, one of the most famous nutritionists of the XX century, when, moved to Pioppi (Pollica), in Cilento area, in the 1960s, understood the benefits that the humble diet of the locals had for preventing cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. Salerno's cuisine reflects the pillars of the Mediterranean Diet, thanks to its high-quality products, like Campania Buffalo Mozzarella PDO, made in Piana del Sele, the San Marzano tomato PDO, produced in the Agro-Nocerino-Sarnese area, the Corbarino cherry tomato, grown on the slopes of the Lattari Mounts, the extravirgin olive oil Colline Salernitane PDO, the bean from Controne PDO, the round artichokes of Paestum, the annurca apple PGI, the round hazelnut of Giffoni, PGI and the scented lemons of the Amalfi coast PGI.
The province of Salerno: a land to admire and enjoy!